Adventist World Radio

Wavescan  program #518 -- 50/1

12/5/2004

 

Main Script for Wavescan, Edition number 518 for airing on Sunday12/5/2004. 

 

Host 2

From the studios of Adventist World Radio, This is Wavescan.

Host 1

Our programme for shortwave listeners and radio hobbyists from around the world.   I’m ___________ (Host 1).

Host 2

And I’m ____________ (Host 2).

 

Bring music up and then down. 

Host 1

In today’s edition of Wavescan: “Hawaii Calls”  One of the great radio programmes of the 1930’s

Travelogue

what to expect at Christmas time in Japan

IC DX report

We have international and Far Eastern DX reports

Feature

Then, On the train to Cornwall Victor Hulbert reflects on the craziness of our modern travelling world -- and the apostle Paul, the craziest traveller of all.

 

PAUSE HERE  . . .  with music fade in.

Host 2

So let’s start in with our Wavescan topic for this week.  One of the very popular radio programs during the era of the 1930s was heard on relay throughout the United States on mediumwave and it was often reported on shortwave by listeners throughout the Pacific basin.  This program was on the air under the tile, "Hawaii Calls", it originated in a tourist hotel in Honolulu Hawaii, and was relayed on shortwave to the United States from the RCA station at Kahuku.  Here’s Steve Hamstra to take us back to the beginnings of radio in Hawaii:

 

 


WAVESCAN TOPIC  (5 minutes)  Normally read by Student Volunteer

Host 1

  

 

Play Wavescan topic: The RCA communication station was established at Kahuku on the northern edge of the capital island of Oahu back at the time when wireless messages were communicated only by spark gap Morse Code.  This impressive wireless station was officially inaugurated on September 24, 1914, and at the time, it was described as the largest in the world with an antenna system one mile long.

 

          Some ten years later, RCA Kahuku was converted to valve operation and the spark transmitters were discarded.  Ten years later again, a new communication transmitter was installed, a unit that was listed at 50 kW, though these days we would probably list the power output as 20 kW.  When the era of international conflict began, this RCA station was on the air with several shortwave transmitters with a power output ranging from 2 kW up to 20 kW. 

 

          The main purpose for this station was for communication with the mainland United States, though it was also on the air with inter-island and trans-Pacific communication.  Many three letter callsigns were in use during this era, including for example, KIE, KKH, KKP, KRO, & KQH.  

         

          In addition to the communication transmissions, this station was often noted on air with a point-to-point relay of radio broadcast programming.  Generally, these program broadcasts originated in Hawaii and consisted of news dispatches and commentaries, as well as entertainment programming consisting of locally produced Hawaiian music. 

 

          Occasionally, RCA Kahuku acted as an intermediate relay for programming from Asia and the South Pacific intended for broadcast on mediumwave throughout the United States.  And then there were occasions when RCA received programming from the continental United States for local broadcast in Hawaii, or for onward relay to Asia and Australia & New Zealand.  For a short period of time in 1942, a 10 kW transmitter at Kahuku was on the air under the callsign KRCA with a relay of programming on behalf of the Voice of America.        

 

          The noted American radio historian, Jerry Berg in Boston, states that the first broadcast of the program, "Hawaii Calls", went on the air locally from the Moana Hotel on Waikiki Beach on July 3, 1935, obviously in recognition of the July 4 patriotic celebrations.  The first known logging of a program relay of "Hawaii Calls" on shortwave was a couple of months later in September when RCA Kahuku was noted on 7370 kHz under the callsign KEQ. 

 

          A regular weekly relay to the continental United States of "Hawaii Calls" began in January 1937 under the callsign KIO on 25.6 metres. These broadcasts were heard on Thursday evenings and were one and a half hours in duration.   During the following year, the broadcast schedule was changed to Sunday afternoons.

 

          The production of these live programs was undertaken by local mediumwave stations in Honolulu.  In 1938, pioneer station KGU in Honolulu was on the air locally and by relay from RCA with "Hawaii Calls", and in 1943, another pioneer station, KGMB, was producing the program.  In fact, both stations issued QSL cards honoring the shortwave reception of this programming.

 

          After peace was re-established in the Pacific, an attempt was made to continue the program series, "Hawaii Calls", and station KHON took over production for a while.  Soon afterwards, program production was transferred again, this time to station KPOA.  However, by this time, international circumstances had changed, and the program series was never again as popular as what it had been ten years earlier.

          As a postscript, several postcards that feature "Hawaii Calls" are held in various collections of radio memorabilia.  We are holding a couple in Indianapolis and Jerry Berg also has some in his collection.  Our cards both show the same scene at the production of the program and are dated in the year 1951.  One card does not identify the radio station, but the other card identifies the production station as KPOA.

 

          Quite recently, Jerry Berg visited the old production location while he was on vacation in Honolulu and he states that even to this day, it looks just like the picture in the 50 year old postcard. 

 

          These days, the exotic and nostalgic radio program, "Hawaii Calls", is long gone, but you can still hear radio programming on shortwave from Hawaii.  You can try for AFRTS Radio which is on the air from the Forces communication station in Hawaii, and you can hear station KWHR which is located on the big island of Hawaii.

 

Host 2

Thanks Steve.  You’re listening to Wavescan and if you’d like to write or comment on any of the issues arising in today’s programme, Our address is,  AWR, 39 Brendon St . . .   Or e-mail letters@awr.org.  Those details again at the end of the programme.

 


Travelogue  (5 minutes)

Host 1

Although Christmas is for the most part  a global  event, many countries and regions of the world celebrate it in different ways.  Over the next four weeks we’ll be visiting with our International Correspondents to find out about Christmas in their part of the world.  This week, Mark Duarte,  with a small taste of what  to expect if you were a visitor to Japan at Christmas.

 

Play Travelogue: 1423:Japanese Christmas:

IN: "Japan has been described as an enigma. . ."

 

OUT: " . . .in so many corners of planet earth."

Host 1

Our International Correspondent Mark Duarte with that reflection of Christmas in Japan.

 

P A U S E    H E R E    P L E A S E

 

DX Report (IC and/or programme hosts)  (4 minutes IC and 2 minute host tips.  Total 6 minutes.)

Host 2

You’re listening to Wavescan, Adventist World Radio’s programme especially for shortwave listeners and radio hobbyists.  We’ll be back to Japan in just a moment with our Far Eastern DX report from the Japan Shortwave Club,  but first, here is some more general international DX News:

* ANDAMAN ISLANDS: The 1 kW standby mediumwave transmitter at Port Blair has been dismantled, states Jose Jacob, VU2JOS, in Hyderabad, India.  This unit operated on 1440 kHz and it was the original broadcast transmitter for All India Radio in the Andaman Islands.

 

* MYSTERY EMERGENCY SIGNALS: According to a news story in the Corvallis Gazette-Times, a Washington family found themselves in trouble with the law.  It was discovered that their brand new modern TV receiver was emitting spurious radiations on an international distress frequency and these signals were picked up by a communication satellite.   Local authorities tracked down the unsuspecting culprit, and when the matter was reported to the manufacturer, Toshiba, they gave the family a complete new TV system as a replacement. 

 

* SINGAPORE: In a recent news item in the daily English newspaper in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, the popular radio columnist, Anthony Sivabalan Thanasayan (SHE-va ba-LAHN TAH-na-SAY-an) stated that Radio Singapore carried a special series of programs in English during the month of October.  These programs gave the latest information on legal issues in the islandic republic and they were broadcast by Newsradio 938.

 

          Some years ago, all mediumwave transmissions from Singapore were deleted, and Newsradio 938 is on FM, not mediumwave.  This programming is carried on shortwave 6150 kHz from a 250 kW BBC transmitter located at Kranji.

 

* GABON: The latest edition of the American radio magazine, Popular Communications, states that the staff at station "Africa No 1" in Libreville commenced a strike on July 15.  All normal programming was suspended though some news bulletins went to air.  This strike also affected the relay programming from Radio France International and NHK Tokyo.  It is understood that the strike demands have been met and the station has since returned to the air with normal programming.

 

* RADIO ANNIVERSARY: The New Zealand DX Times reports that the transistor radio achieved its 50th anniversary in October.  The transistor, or transfer-resistor, was developed at Bell Laboratories in 1947.   The first transistor radio, the Regency TR1, was released to the American public in October 1954, and the first transistor radio with a shortwave band was issued by Sony in 1959.

 

* INDIA: Swopan Chackroborty in Kolkata reports that Doordarshan (DOOR-DAH-SHAHN), the government TV service, is establishing new TV stations in all seven of their North Eastern States, and All India Radio will establish a total of 21 new radio stations.  Swopan also reports that an indefinite strike at all government radio and TV stations throughout India was planned to begin on November 13.

 

* DIGITAL UNITS: Texas Instruments announced recently that they have shipped one million digital modules to radio manufacturers for incorporation into new generation digital radio receivers.  The new DAB-standard digital radio receivers provide many new features, such as pause, rewind, and record.

 

* DIGITAL TRANSMITTERS: NASB, the National Association of Shortwave Broadcasters in the United States, reports that there are now 200 shortwave transmitters throughout the world on the air in the digital DRM mode.  Half of these transmitters, that is 100 of them, are on the air in China.

 

* USA: Jose Jacob in India reports that he heard VOA election coverage in English on two unlisted channels, 15680 & 17740 kHz at 0500 UTC.  He states that the signals were very strong, but the location is not known.

 

 Now, over to Japan for more shortwave news.

 

DX Report

Host 2

And our thanks to the Japan Shortwave Clubs for that report.  You’re listening to Wavescan.

 


Feature  (5 minutes) 

Host 1

When Victor Hulbert first joined the AWR team 7 years ago he was living some 400km west of our office here in England and found himself commuting weekly by train to Cornwall.  Digging through the archives we came across this recolection of his travels, and the concern it gave him:.

 

Play Feature 232: It's Crazy:

Host 2  ---

And if you would like to discover more concerning the "crazy" life of Christianity, why not write for our free, Discover, Bible Study Guides.  Our Address in just a moment


Ending

1  Host 2

that brings us to an end of this week’s edition of Wavescan – a production of Adventist World Radio.  Next week we will be:

1. celebrating an Australian Radio Anniversary.

2.  Getting the latest tips from Christopher Lewis in Europe.

3.  Talking with Akinori Kaibe about the New Look Wavescan 2005

4.  and looking forward to Christmas in Jamaica – and in hospital.

 

2  Host

Your reception reports, tips and comments are always welcomed.  Here’s our address:

3  Host

AWR, 39 Brendon St, London, W1, England, or e-mail us at letters@awr.org.  

4  Host

That’s also the address for your Bible questions or free Bible Guides:  AWR, 39 Brendon St, London, W1, England, or e-mail us at letters@awr.org.  

5 Host

Wavescan is written and produced by Adrian Peterson and Steve Hamstra.  You can find it on the web at:  english.awr.org/Wavescan.  I’m . . . (Me)

6 Host

. . . and I’m . . .  (You) Thanks for joining us.