Wavescan 469 Script for December 28, 2003
Narrator: Year End Review
olde year in the new century, 2003, is almost ended and the new year 2004
is just on the horizon. The
past year has been quite tumultuous for the international radio world and
many significant changes and developments have taken place.
knowledgeable radio authorities would state that the most significant
development in international radio during the past year was the official
commencement of digital shortwave broadcasting.
The DRM consortium in Europe launched a regular shortwave service
in the digital mode at mid year and this implementation was highlighted at
the European DX Convention at Konigstein near Frankfurt in Germany.
the United States, the NASB organization took another step in the same
direction with the inauguration of a series of digital shortwave
broadcasts from two different locations.
In the digital mode, these broadcasts are on the air from a VT
Merlin transmitter at Rampisham in England and in the analog made the same
programming is on the air from station WRMI in Miami Florida.
at the same time as digital shortwave broadcasting is making a successful
introduction, analog broadcasting is still a major communication medium
throughout the world. New
analog shortwave transmitters have been installed in Mongolia, in several
countries of Africa, and at the AWR station on the island of Guam.
All India Radio has also installed two new high powered replacement
transmitters, and China has installed a score of new shortwave
transmitters at 500 kW each.
new HCJB station in Australia is in the process of stabilizing its new
equipment, a new Gospel station is planned for installation on the island
of Madagascar, and All India Radio is poised ready to begin a new 24 hour
news channel on shortwave with the use of many of its home service
of the major shortwave stations continue to relay their programming from
relay transmitters located closer to their target areas.
The BBC, Voice of America, Radio France International, NHK Tokyo
and Radio Australia can be heard from their own home based stations as
well as from regional relay transmitters.
is also true with the gospel shortwave stations as well, and the
programming from TWR, HCJB, FEBA & FEBC, as well as Adventist World
Radio, can be heard from distant relay transmitters. In
addition, while the home based shortwave transmitter was off the air for
repairs, RNZI in New Zealand took out a temporary relay from Radio
addition to the leasing of time on shortwave relay transmitters, another
matter of radio progress has been the establishment in key areas of
additional relay transmitters in the FM band by the large international
radio organizations. However,
even though this procedure can be quite successful, yet some countries in
Africa have closed some of these dedicated relay transmitters due to
unresolved political differences.
at the same time as there have been several major developments of a
positive nature in the international radio world, there have also been
several significant negative developments.
Most of the announced closures of shortwave services are brought
about by a decrease in funding.
example, All India Radio states that they will not repair or renovate
ailing shortwave transmitters in their home service network.
Radio Denmark and Radio Mediterranian announce that they are
closing their shortwave services at the end of the year, and several
organizations are reducing their language output as an economy measure.
FEBA Radio closed their shortwave
station in the Seychelles Islands at mid year, though the BBC in the
Seychelles remains on air.
the QSL scene, new cards have been issued by NASB in North America and by
AWR in England. Station HCJB
is making available any of tfeir older QSL cards still in stock, and both
Radio Prague International and Radio Slovakia International have issued a
series of QSL cards for the year. Radio
Free Asia in Washington DC sent their representative over to the EDXC
convention in Germany to announce that they are now issuing a new series
of QSL cards at regular intervals.
Voice of Prophecy Short
The Wandering North Magnetic Pole
was somewhere around one thousand years ago that the Chinese developed the
earliest ancestor of the magnetic compass.
They discovered that a small piece of magnetic iron would always
point in a northerly direction when floated carefully on a piece of wood
is thought that this valuable aid to navigation was introduced to
seafarers in the Mediterranian areas soon after its introduction in China.
As time went by, the crude piece of floating iron was replaced by a
double pointed arrow pivoted carefully on a central point.
European sailors soon discovered that the direction that is shown by the
magnetic compass can vary according to where in the world the ship happens
to be located. It was
conjectured that the North Magnetic Pole was located somewhere at the top
of the North American continent.
1829, an English explorer, James Clark Ross, set sail on his uncle’s
ship in search for the specific location of the elusive Magnetic Pole in
Canada’s North West Passage. Their
ship was trapped in the ice for four years, though they believed that they
had found the exact location on an island called Boothia Felix.
1904, the Scandinavian explorer, Roald Amundsen, discovered that the North
Magnetic Pole was moving northwards.
It is calculated that the North Magnetic Pole has moved in an
irregular eliptical pattern during the past 400 years and that it can move
as much as 40 kilometers in a year,.
Since the year 1931, this mobile magnetic wonder has moved a
distance of 1,000 kilometers.
few weeks back, the TV entertainment program, “Candid Camera”, made
reference to the wandering North Magnetic Pole.
They quoted a CNN news report which stated that the North Magnetic
Pole was moving across Canada towards Alaska and that it would be located
in Siberia some time next year.
in the early years of wireless experimentation, several attempts were made
to use the earth’s magnetic field as an aid to the international
propagation of a wireless signal. Some
authorities state that the natural resonant frequency of the earth is just
7 Hertz, or 7 cycles per second.
locations on the earth’s surface were tried and different procedures
were implemented in an attempt to capitalize on the earth’s magnetic
field and its natural radio frequency but there was no indication of any
enhancement of the transmitted signal due to these factors.
DX Report - Bob Padula, Melbourne, Australia
FEBA Radio is now on the air with a daily 15 minute service in English in
the digital mode. This
broadcast is on the air from Radio Netherlands Flevo on 9850 kHz at 0945
FEBA radio is also on the air from several relay sites in Russia & Armenia with programming beamed to India. This is their schedule:-
* AUSTRALIA: Voice International, with its studios in Queensland, has extended its transmission hours from their Darwin facility. Morning broadcasts are now heard at these hours:-
addition, the programming of Radio Australia is also heard from the Darwin
station at 2130 UTC to 2330 on 9630 kHz.
* IRAN: The VOIRI has restored its shortwave service to Australia and it is now on the air with this schedule:-
reports on these revived broadcasts are requested to their address in
* HUNGARY: The IBB in Washington DC has taken out a new relay service from a 250 kW shortwave transmitter located near Budapest in Hungary. This is the schedule:-
other times, this transmitter is on the air with the programming of Radio
African DX Report - Livinus Torty, Chad, Africa
The African nation of Ghana has a land mass of a little more than a quarter million square kilometers. It shares a common border in the west with the Ivory Coast, in the north with Burkina Faso, and in the east with Togo. The southern edge of Ghana lies against the Atlantic Ocean.
population of Ghana is about 20 million inhabitants.
The capital city and the largest is Accra with 1.7 million.
The second largest city is Kumasi with half a million.
The major language is English, though many African languages are
spoken including Gha, Twi, Ewe and Fante.
broadcasting started in Ghana on July 31, 1925 from a relay station
located in Accra. At the time, Ghana was known as the Gold Coast.
1953 GCBS, the Gold Coast
Broadcasting Service was founded, and the name was changed to Ghana
Broadcasting Serrvice in 1957 when the nation gained independence from
The Ghana Broadcasting Corporation as it is known today is active on mediumwave, shortwave and FM. GBC is on the air with two program services and these are heard on the following channels, each at 50 kW:-
addition, there are also a number of FM stations and networks throughout
the country and these are operated by the government GBC service and also
by commercial enterprises. All
of these radio services can be heard throughout Ghana as well as in nearby
international broadcasting stations are also on the air in Accra, Ghana
with FM relay transmitters. These
stations are the BBC London, Voice of America in Washington DC, and Radio
France International from Paris.